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2021 in archaeology: Archaeology News: From the world’s oldest jewels to a lost city… 8 greatest archaeological discoveries of 2021

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Our earth holds a large number of mysteries. Many times, archaeologists find such a discovery in the hands of which no one even suspects about it. From January this year till now, many such pages of history have been opened, seeing which the whole world was shocked. In the year 2021, archaeologists found the world’s oldest jewel. Not only this, cities covered with sea and volcanic lava were also discovered. The discovery of cave paintings, the world’s oldest woven basket, the oldest 3D map, and a 1000-year-old ancient chicken egg created a flutter in the world. Know about these discoveries of archaeologists in 2021…

World’s oldest jewel found in Morocco

The world’s oldest jewelry was discovered by archaeologists in Morocco. They found shells with holes 150,000 years old in their hands. Scientists had told after the Jan that these balls were then kneaded to make necklaces and bracelets. These spheres were discovered from the Bijmoune Cave, located off the coast of Essaouira in Morocco. Researcher Abdeljalil Bouzougar, who discovered these spheres, called them symbolic objects.

World’s oldest wine factory found in Israel

In October this year, explorers discovered the world’s oldest wine factory in Israel. In ancient times, this factory produced two million liters of wine every year. The Israel Antiquities Authority had reported that it took archaeologists two years to excavate the 75,000-square-foot site in the vicinity of the city of Yavne. They also found five large wine presses, wine storage warehouses and kilns that made used pottery. The wine made from here was also exported throughout the Mediterranean country.

Discovery of 8000-year-old ‘ghost town’

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Archaeologists have discovered an 8000-year-old city lost in the English Channel. These archaeologists have also named this city as Ghost City. The English Channel is the sea part between Britain and France. Many remains of this old city have been found at the bottom of the sea. The site dates back to about 8000 years ago, when the UK was still connected to the European mainland. Later, the surrounding glaciers started melting and their water started filling the low-lying area. From this the water formed a channel between the rest of Europe and the UK.

New human species discovered in Israel

An international group of archaeologists in Israel has discovered a new human species. This discovery is being described as a missing part of the story of the evolution of humans. In fact, scientists have found a human skull during excavation in Israel’s Nesher Ramla. This skull is believed to be of the last surviving human from a separate Homo population. These humans used to live in Israel from 420000 to 120000 years ago. In studies published in the renowned journal Science, Israeli researchers Hershkowitz, Yoshi Zedner and their colleagues reported that this primitive human community shared its culture and genes with closely related Homo sapiens groups for several thousand years.

Older than Earth meteorite discovered in Britain

An old meteorite found in Britain has been claimed that its age is more than the Earth. Scientists believe that through this the origin of life on Earth can be revealed. This stone, which came from space, is also being told as the oldest meteorite on the earth. Scientists from the East Anglian Astrophysical Research Organization (EAARO) have claimed that this meteorite is older than our planet. EAARO issued a statement saying that the meteorite was discovered in March on a driveway near the village of Woodmancott in Gloucestershire, England. Its weight is around 300 grams. The age of this stone fragment is 4.6 billion years, while the age of the Earth is believed to be about 4.54 billion years. In such a situation, there is a lot of enthusiasm among scientists about this meteorite.

2700 year old toilet found in Israel

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Israeli archaeologists have found a rare toilet in Jerusalem that is more than 2700 years old. It is believed that at that time the private bathroom in this holy city was the epitome of luxury. The Israel Antiquities Authority said that this elegantly designed toilet made of limestone was found in a rectangular chamber. The toilet was built in such a way that it was very comfortable to sit and a septic tank was dug deep in the ground beneath it. Director of excavation Yaakov Billig said private toilets were extremely rare in ancient times and so far only a few such toilets have been found. He said that at that time only rich people were able to build toilets. Archaeologists have also found stones and pillars of that era.

100 million year old crab fossil found in Myanmar

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A 100 million year old crab fossil has been found in the resin (gum) of a tree in the jungles of Myanmar. After this amazing discovery, detailed information was published in the journal Science Advances on Wednesday. At first glance, this information may seem like a scene from the movie Jurassic Park, but it is a real incident. Eight researchers from Harvard University, Yunnan University, Regina University, Lin University, Duke University, Yale University and China University of Geosciences were involved in the study of this fossil. An analysis of the crab trapped in tree sap has revealed that it is the oldest known ancient animal discovery from the forests of Southeast Asia. The great thing is that even after 100 million years, the descendants of this creature appear the same way.

Two thousand years old two ancient kingdom buried in the ground

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Archaeologists have found a lost kingdom in the mountains of Al-Ula, located in the northwest part of Saudi Arabia. A team of archaeologists is digging round the clock to excavate the remains related to these states. The relation of these states is being said to be related to the Dadan and Lihyan monarchies. Al-Ula is a famous tourist destination of Saudi Arabia, which was opened to the general public in 2019. Al-Ula is considered the capital of ancient Arabia. It is mainly known for the majestic tombs of Madain Saleh. Madain Saleh is Saudi Arabia’s first World Heritage Site to be recognized by UNESCO. This place was built by the ancient inhabitants of Arabia, the Nabataeans, by cutting the rocks.

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