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Himalayan glaciers melting exceptional rate: Himalayan ice melting 10 times faster, crores of India will crave drop by drop: Research

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Highlights

  • The glaciers of the Himalayas, which are called the ‘Third Pole’ on Earth, are melting very fast.
  • A recent research warns that millions of people in Asia will crave water drop by drop
  • Researchers find that ice has melted 10 times faster than glaciers in the past few decades

London/New Delhi
The glaciers of the Himalayas, which are called the ‘Third Pole’ on Earth, are melting very fast. A recent research has warned that millions of people in India and Pakistan living on the banks of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus rivers in Asia will crave water drop by drop. Researchers found that over the past few decades, especially since 2000, ice from Himalayan glaciers has melted at a rate 10 times faster.

This rate of ice melting is on average 10 times faster than at the time of the Little Ice Age. The Little Ice Age was the period when large mountain glaciers were expanding. This period lasted from the beginning of the 14th century to the middle of the 19th century. Another sad thing in this research is that Himalayan glaciers are melting faster than other glaciers of the world. Due to this the sea level is also rising.
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Change is happening very fast in Himalayas
Rapid melting of ice could lead to severe food and energy crisis for millions of people living along the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus rivers in Asia. The Himalayan mountains have often been called the Third Pole. The Third Pole is the third largest source of glacial ice after Antarctica and the Arctic. The author of this research, Dr. Simon Cook, has already started feeling this change in the Himalayan region, which is more than the change that has happened in the last several centuries.

“This research is the latest confirmation that the Himalayas are changing rapidly and will have very serious implications for many countries and regions,” Cook said. For research, this team reconstructed the glacier of the Himalayas. For this the team used satellite images. Researchers found that 40 percent of the glacier’s area was lost. It has declined from 28,000 square kilometers to 19,600 square kilometers during its peak.
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Sea level rose by 0.03 and 0.05 inches
The researchers found that ice melted from 390 square kilometers to 586 square kilometers during this period. This is equivalent to the total amount of ice in the Central European Alps. Due to the melting of this ice, the sea level in the world increased by 0.03 and 0.05 inches. In the Himalayas too, snow is melting more rapidly in the eastern region, which extends from eastern Nepal to the north of Bhutan. The glaciers of the Himalayas are melting more rapidly in those places where they end near the lakes.

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