- Machu Picchu city in Peru is included in the seven wonders of the world
- The stone city is situated at an altitude of 8,000 feet above sea level.
- The ancient city was discovered in 1911, it is still very strong today
Machu Picchu is one of the most famous places in the world. This city is included in the Seven Wonders of the World which has remained a mystery for a long time. Some questions about Machu Picchu have now become a puzzle, such as – when did it come into existence? Who made it? etcetera etcetera. Machu Picchu is a city spread over 8 km, located on top of a mountain near the Urubamba Valley of Peru in Latin America. This UNESCO site is located on the eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes at an altitude of 8,000 feet above sea level.
According to the report of ‘The Sun’, Machu Picchu means ‘old peak’ in the Quechua language. Machu Picchu was built by the people of the Inca Empire in the mid-15th century as a royal property or sacred shrine. The first Inca emperor Pachacuteq ordered the construction of Machu Picchu, which was home to 1000 of his descendants. In the 16th century, when Spanish invaders destroyed the Inca civilization, Machu Picchu became deserted.
How was the city of Machu Picchu formed?
It was first revealed to the world in 1911 when it was discovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham. There appears to have been no conflict at Machu Picchu. The population is believed to have been wiped out due to the smallpox epidemic. The construction of Machu Picchu has always been a mystery. Although ancient, its architecture and engineering are spectacular, including stairs, ramps, roofs and walls that have been constructed on the side of the mountain to avoid the danger of landslides.
Machu Picchu is a ‘wonder’ for the world
This is a wonder to the world because there are at least 3000 stone stairs built in the city. Most interestingly, the entire city was built without metal tools and wheels. The builders made only one entrance to the city so that it would be easier to protect in case of invasion. The Inca people had amazing stone-cutting techniques so that they could easily fit anywhere.
Still strong after many centuries
The stones are so tightly bound that you can’t even swipe a credit card through them. That is why this city is very strong and even after facing natural calamities like earthquakes, it has stood like this for many centuries. It is said that during an earthquake, the stones of Machu Picchu dance and then fall in their place. It remains a major center of attraction for tourists coming here from all over the world.